Details about RHD:
The RHD full form is Rheumatic Heart Disease, Heart valve damage from rheumatic fever is known as rheumatic heart disease. Rheumatic fever is a bacterial infection caused by group A streptococcal (GAS) infections. Your body responds to an infection by producing an immunological reaction, such as strep throat or scarlet fever. All over the body, including the heart, it promotes inflammation. Inflammation has the potential to permanently damage heart valves and cause major health issues if left unchecked.
Rheumatic fever is more common in children and teenagers with untreated strep infections. Years after the virus and fever have subsided, heart damage symptoms can start to appear. American cases of Rheumatic Heart Disease are uncommon. It is more prevalent in underdeveloped or low-income regions of the world. These places may lack access to antibiotics for bacterial infections. Rheumatic heart disease claims the lives of almost 300,000 individuals annually.
Risk and symptoms of RHD:
If peoples are at the higher risk for RHD they might have these risk factors, including,
- Lack of convenient access to medical treatment or antibiotics.
- Repeatedly acquire strep infections that are left untreated.
- Occupy a hazardous or congested environment.
Years after a strep infection or case of rheumatic fever, symptoms of rheumatic heart disease may start to show. Heart disease sufferers may encounter:
- Chest pain
- Heart fluttering
- Respiration difficulty.
- Stomach, hands, or feet swelling
Causes of RHD:
The RHD full form is Rheumatic Heart Disease, which is brought on by heart valve inflammation brought on by rheumatic fever. The harm can happen right away. Or it could grow gradually as a result of recurrent strep infections. Chronic inflammation causes scarring and constriction of the heart valve. The mitral and aortic heart valves are typically affected by the condition. Blood flow is governed by these valves.