LPG- Liquefied Petroleum Gas:
The full form of LPG is Liquefied Petroleum Gas and also called LP gas, it is the mixture of several liquid mixtures of volatile propane, butene, hydrocarbons propane, and butane. LPG is used for both domestic and industrial usage, a typical commercial LPG contains ethane and ethylene, as well as mercaptan, an odorant added as a safety precaution.
Origin of LPG:
Liquefied Petroleum Gas is extracted from the wet natural gas by absorption process, it is the gas with heavy petroleum compounds. The recovered gas has a low boiling point and it must be distilled to remove the lighter quantity of fraction and treated to remove the unwanted substance like hydrogen sulfide, water, and carbon dioxide.
The last outcome is converted as LPG and the product is transported by pipeline at an early age and a particular pipe passes over sea tankers. But nowadays it is transported by trucks, rail, etc.
Advantages of LPG:
- For domestic consumers, the LPG reaches in the cylinder under relatively low pressure.
- LPG is an environmentally friendly fuel, with minimal sulphur content and the lowest black carbon emission. It is a cheaper option than domestic gas and it has high calorific values.
- LPG is easy to transport, In addition, they are convenient to store without the risk of spontaneous explosion.
Drawbacks of LPG:
LPG is one of the most haradozes gases, as it is inflammable and it is costlier than CNG. LPG does not support power to the vehicle while going in the mountains or on the rough roadway. It has a lower energy density than petrol or diesel.
As we say in the above description, LPG is also important for usage in industries, commercial, agriculture, horticulture, and manufacturing applications. LPG is a colorless, low-carbon, and highly efficient fuel. Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a non-renewable resource.